Climate + Energy

Why Keep our Coal in the Ground?

We know that 40% of our nation’s coal comes from publicly owned deposits primarily in the Rocky Mountain West and that when burned, this coal produces more than 11% of all U.S. greenhouse gas emissions.

Now, we have a series of interactive maps showing exactly what this all means, why it matters for the climate, and why the Obama Administration needs to step up and do something about it.

With the help of our friends at Conservation Geography, WildEarth Guardians put together the story of our publicly owned coal, its climate impacts, and why we need to start keeping it in the ground.

Check out the maps here, or click the picture below.

For web mapping-2

This is the first time that this much data around the federal coal program has been compiled, mapped, and explained. And it was quite the endeavor.

These maps highlight the role of the U.S. Department of the Interior’s role in facilitating the mining and burning of our publicly owned coal (i.e., coal that is literally owned by every American, but managed by the Interior Department).  Amazingly, though, the Interior does not have a centralized set of coal data to allow this kind of visualization.

Instead, they have individual coal lease records with general information, including some spatial data, like township/range/section information, and other data points. To make this, we had to transcribe the data, tabulate it, and convert it into a visual format.  Admittedly, it isn’t perfect. The maps show the general locations of federal coal leases, but not the actual shapes of the leases (or the actual lease polygons). Still, these maps provide an eye-opening illustration of where the leases are located and also highlight attributes that the Interior Department doesn’t even track, like carbon pollution and climate costs. Check it out!


Click on the map to learn more about the climate impacts of leasing publicly owned coal.

The maps tell the story of our publicly owned coal at a national scale, then at a Rocky Mountain West scale, then hone in on the Powder River Basin of northeastern Wyoming and southeastern Montana. This region is the largest coal producing region in the nation. Some of the largest coal mines in the world are located here, fueling hundreds of power plants in the U.S. and even overseas.

Check out the maps and find out if a power plant in your backyard is fueled by coal from the Powder River Basin. If it is, it’s safe to say the Interior Department is behind it.

powder river basin

Check out where coal mined in the Powder River Basin goes.

Finally, the maps illustrate where WildEarth Guardians is weighing in to make a difference. Our aim is to protect the climate by keeping our publicly owned coal in the ground. We’re doing this by confronting new coal leasing and mining approvals in federal court and building public and political pressure for reform. Ultimately, our goal is to put an end to the federal coal program.

And we’re winning.

Not only have we had numerous recent court successes, but last week several U.S. Senators introduced a bill that would reform the federal coal program and put it on the path toward keeping it in the ground.

With leading economists endorsing the need for the Obama Administration to consider the climate costs of coal leasing and even the President himself saying that we should keep some fossil fuels in the ground to protect the climate, the momentum is building.

It’s time to acknowledge our climate realities and for the Obama Administration to come clean with the American public. It’s time to come up with a plan to protect our climate and keep our coal in the ground for good.


It’s time to keep our coal in the ground.